mcdougall scotland pipe
The surface of Jacksonville ” Blue China ” shipwreck contained a widely scattered cargo of 63 clay tobacco pipes from which a sample of 16 examples were recovered in two different styles: 13 examples of a ribbed type also referred to as fluted or cockled featuring raised vertical lines extending along the bowl. The pipes were produced in different two-part molds and all are made from white clay. A number of the examples were recovered broken. All of the pipes have an integral stem whereby the pipe bowl and long stem were manufactured as a single piece. The examples vary in levels of preservation from largely intact pipe bowls and stems to fragmentary examples consisting of just a surviving bowl sometimes broken with very little of the original stem extant. Several of the pipes are heavily stained by what appears to be iron oxide; this may be due to alterations of the clay from the salt water environment or perhaps due to adjacent artifacts or ship structures. If indeed British, the pipe is likely to have been made from white ball clay, deposits of which are indigenous to Dorset and Devonshire in southwest England. Ball clay was largely used in England, which was a major exporter in the midth century. The initials themselves became a trademark used to denote a certain brand.
Clay tobacco pipes, summarised from specialist report by Dr David Higgins
There follows a summary of pipe fragments, in date order, including details of makers, where known. Only two small, barrel-shaped bowls of this date were recovered, both retrieved from contexts and , which also contained pipe fragments of probable later 17th century date. One of the bowls is marked with the initials, ‘PE’, incuse, on the pedestal heel see Figure He was one of the more important founder members of the Bristol Pipemakers Guild in and one of the feoffees of the St Michael’s church lands from c.
Philip I had died by Pipes bearing the initials, ‘PE’, are routinely found on excavations in Bristol, and have also been found in Somerset, Gloucestershire, North Devon, Herefordshire, Glamorgan and Monmouthshire Price ,
Introduction; Clay tobacco pipes and smoking in London; Accessioned glass in with glass and tobacco pipes excavated prior to this date have been recorded.
It also allows the date of larger assemblages to be calculated using the stem archaeology dating formulae that have been developed and the USA. There are also a number and concerns over how reliable any date arrived at actually is. Stem bores can, however, clay used for distributional plots or as bar graphs to show changing site use over time. The divisions pipe by 64ths of an inch make convenient units clay archaeology this sort tobacco data.
Archaeology fractions of an inch are always given in 64ths, and not rationalised to larger alternative units e. They were also subject to marked tobacco variation prior the the nineteenth century, so tobacco shape pipes also be used to identify which part of the country a clay and from. For tobacco reason, it is important to look at pipe local typologies as well art the more general national ones.
Thumbnails Detail Comments. The manufacture of clay pipes for smoking began in Britain about , a few years after the introduction of tobacco from America. The earliest forms of pipe were made from kaolin clay white ball clay and it is likely their form was adapted from those used by the American Indians. Since then, clay pipes manufactured within the British Isles continued to be made from kaolin clays which has the advantage over other clays of giving the pipe a uniformly white colour after firing and less shrinkage.
Dating clay pipes As a result of research and archaeological excavations, clay pipes can generally be dated to within 20 years or so and as such are now important artefacts used in dating archaeological layers. Criteria for dating clay pipes were developed based on their bowl size and shape as well as stem bore diameters.
Many excavation reports seize upon typologies of clay pipes and makers marks of identified individuals as dating evidence, and this is often the.
Because the time span of the casemate under study is relatively short about 50 years dating of pipes has been done primarily on the evidence of makers’ marks and names. With the exception of the Dutch bowls, all bowls from which the shape could be deduced appeared to be basically of Oswald’s type 9 Oswald 60, In the New World at least, the export version Oswald’s type 9c and numerous variants and derivatives were universal long after this, and certainly as late as about I.
In England, Oswald’s type 10 continued the more traditional features in various forms. This type continued for most of the 18th century until type 11, a derivative of type 9, became standard and finally set the norm for what is traditionally considered the shape of a British clay pipe. Harrington’s method of dating pipe fragments by bore diameter measurement Harrington was not used in this study, as the relevant Harrington period, , covered virtually the entire occupancy of the area involved.
Binford’s straight-line regression formula based on Harrington’s work Maxwell and Binford ; Binford , however, was applied to the various layers in order to obtain comparative evidence. The order of layers in this casemate from top to bottom runs from Layer 1 to Layer 12, inclusive. No significant pipe material came from Layer 1. In Layer 2 the following material was studied the catalogue number given is the lot number followed by the object no.
The Pottery and Clay Tobacco Pipe Industries of Rainford, St Helens New Research
Post a Comment. Our heroes Andy and Lance are working the field with metal detectors, rhythmically swinging them back and forth while listening through headphones for telltale pings signaling metal in the ground. Lance carefully puts the ring pull into a plastic baggie. Cut my heel. Had to cruise on back home. People buy this shit.
three formula dating techniques available to archaeologists studying 17th- and 18th-century colonial sites with imported white, ball-clay, tobacco-pipe stems.
This pipe has a short handle and a round, partially broken bowl decorated with vegetation motifs. It is representative of the type of pipe that was popular in the Ottoman regions, that is, made up of a small recipient to contain the tobacco and to which is attached a long stem. A plant discovered in the New World in the sixteenth century, tobacco spread quickly to Europe and the Middle East but only became generalized in the beginning of the seventeenth century.
It was apparently introduced by Portuguese sailors to the coastal cities, then spread by the soldiers and merchants throughout the entire Ottoman territory. Opposition to tobacco was manifested quite quickly, from and throughout the sixteenth century, with several fatwa issued against its consumption. An interdiction was imposed for the first time under the reign of Sultan Ahmad r. These interdictions would be linked to the fact that the places where tobacco was smoked, the coffee houses, became places of sedition.
Thus tobacco was closely associated with the consumption of coffee, another newly introduced stimulant, and became an everyday item throughout the Ottoman Empire from the beginning of the seventeenth century. The interdiction of tobacco was completely lifted in when the Ottoman authorities realized the potential value of tobacco as a source of revenue for the imperial treasury.
Clay Tobacco Pipe Dating – The Art and Archaeology of Clay Pipes
Detail of a clay pipe decorated to promote the abolition of the slave trade. has been the focal point for clay tobacco pipe research in this country and, for dating and interpreting archaeological deposits dating from the late.
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. There are currently three formula dating techniques available to archaeologists studying 17th and 18th century sites using imported English clay tobacco pipe stems based on Harrington’s histogram of time periods; Binford’s linear formula Hanson’s formulas and the Heighton and Deagan formula. Pipe stem bore diameter data were collected from 26 sites in Maryland Virginia North Carolina and South Carolina in order to test the accuracy and utility of the three formula dating methods.
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Dating clay pipes
Reference: Atkinson, D. London Clay Tobacco Pipes. This file contains additional information such as Exif metadata which may have been added by the digital camera, scanner, or software program used to create or digitize it.
The area was part of the Foubert trading post on lot 14 concession 1, founded in This was known as Foubert landing. Foubert came from a family of fur traders. He is the founder of Cumberland village. Some claim it was a Hudson Bay company trading post site, others say he was an independent trader. I gave the artefacts to the Cumberland Heritage village heritage museum.
It became a fashionable trend to smoke a pipe. Glasgow was at the time an internationally renowned company of Scotland. There was a variety of material used in making the pipes such as wood, porcelain, clay and plaster. Each country developed its own designs. In Europe, where workshops first appeared, clay was found locally or imported. The early pipes were handmade but later they were made in moulds and fired in kilns. The companies used a stamp or a roulette to print their name on the pipe stems.
So most of the pipes were mass produced while others showed an artistic touch.
Pamplin Clay Tobacco Pipes
Labirint Ozon. This study reports on one of the largest and best dated assemblages of clay pipes recovered from the site of Port Royal in Jamaica. Many of the pipes came from Bristol and date to the 17th century AD. Recovered during excavations at Port Royal between and , many of the pipes came from sealed contexts and their distribution could be mapped in detail.
Awaiting validation An incomplete post medieval ceramic tobacco pipe dating AD This tobacco pipe has a small, rounded bowl, which has an internal diameter of The bowl is set at an oblique angle to the stem and there is a milled design running around the rim. There is part of a spur heel at the junction between the bowl and the stem. None of the stem is present as it is broken near the bowl. Awaiting validation An incomplete moulded clay pipe of late post-medieval late 18thth century date.
The pipe has a rounded bowl which has suffered some damage, and a short length of the pipe stem remaining. The pipe bowl is decorated with projecting stipples of clay and a rouletting around the rim – there is no maker’s mark or other decoration.
A Brief History of Marked European Clay Tobacco Pipes
The skill and experience of the individual undertaking the work will play a large part in determining how accurate and reliable any assessment of dating is, and specialist advice should certainly be taken when dealing with large assemblages or those where the pipe dating is fundamental to the excavated deposits. But it is certainly possible for a good assessment of date to be made by considering the key characteristics of any given pipe or pipe assemblage, guidelines for which are given below.
They can be used to indicate whether a context group is likely to contain residual material, or whether it represents a coherent and potentially tightly dated group. They can also be used to check any dates provided by associated bowl forms, marks or decoration, which can be especially useful for smaller contexts where only a few such pieces are present. There are always exceptions but, in broad terms, stems can usually be allocated to one of three general date ranges by assessing their form, stem bore, fabric and finish.
As a result, fragments usually show a clear taper along their length and can be quite chunky if the fragment comes from near the bowl.
Object Type: tobacco-pipe. Museum number: , Description: Clay tobacco-pipe bowl, incomplete with damaged spur. Production date:
Adding product to your basket. This is the first of two monographs which presents the results of archaeological and historical research in the village of Rainford, near St Helens, Merseyside. The manufacture of pottery and clay tobacco pipes became an important cottage industry for the local community. This book explores the fresh evidence from the excavations, as well as the results of meticulous historical research into the pottery industry of Rainford and its surrounding area and into the lives of the people who lived in Rainford from the 17th century onwards.
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